新华网北京1月4日电(记者卢俊宇)新中国第一部民法典草案、个人信息保护法、乡村振兴促进法……,2020年将有一批与你息息相关的立法安排,让我们先睹为快。

BEIJING, January 4(Xinhua)-- New China's first draft civil code, personal information protection law, rural revitalization promotion law... There will be a number of legislative arrangements that will be relevant to you in 2020.

  据报道,十三届全国人大常委会第十五次会议决定将已经全国人大常委会会议审议的民法典草案提请2020年召开的十三届全国人大三次会议审议。

It was reported that the 15th session of the Standing Committee of the Thirteenth National People's Congress decided to submit the draft Civil Code, which had already been deliberated by the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, to the three sessions of the Thirteenth National People's Congress in 2020 for deliberation.

  编纂民法典是党的十八届四中全会提出的重大立法任务,是完善以宪法为核心的中国特色社会主义法律体系的必然要求,对于坚持和完善中国特色社会主义制度,推进全面依法治国、推进国家治理体系和治理能力现代化,具有重大而深远的意义。

The codification of the Civil Code is a major legislative task put forward by the Fourth Plenum of the 18th CPC Central Committee and an inevitable requirement for perfecting the socialist legal system with Chinese characteristics with the Constitution as the core.

  按照民法典编纂工作计划。我国的民法典编纂工作采取“两步走”:第一步出台民法总则;第二步编纂民法典各分编,将经过全国人大常委会审议和修改完善的各分编草案同民法总则合并为完整的民法典草案,由全国人大常委会提请全国人民代表大会审议。

Compilation of work plans in accordance with the Civil Code. The compilation of the Civil Code in China takes \"two steps \": the first step is to promulgate the general principles of civil law; and the second step is to codify the various sub-compilations of the Civil Code, which have been examined and revised by the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, and the general principles of civil law.

  全国人大常委会法工委发言人岳仲明在2019年12月20日举行的记者会上表示,中国2020年将制定个人信息保护法、数据安全法等。

China will enact personal information protection laws, data security laws and so on in 2020, said Yue Zhongming, a spokesman for the Legal Work Commission of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, at a press conference on December 20,2019.

  2019年工信部、公安部、网信办等部门不断行动,打击个人信息犯罪,加强个人信息保护。随着今年个人信息保护法和数据安全法的制定,我国个人信息保护有望进入全新阶段。

In 2019, the Ministry of Industry and Information, the Ministry of Public Security, the Network Information Office and other departments continued to act to crack down on personal information crime and strengthen personal information protection. With the formulation of personal information protection law and data security law this year, the protection of personal information in China is expected to enter a new stage.

  2019年我国税收立法全面提速。我国首部资源税法正式通过并将于2020年9月1日实施。财政部先后就土地增值税法、增值税法、消费税法公开征求了意见。契税法和城市建设税法也将提交全国人大常委会审议。

China's tax legislation is accelerating in 2019. China's first resource tax law was formally adopted and will be implemented on September 1,2020. The Ministry of Finance has publicly solicited opinions on the land value-added tax law, the value-added tax law and the consumption tax law. The deed tax law and the city construction tax law will also be submitted to the standing committee of the National people's Congress for consideration.

  部分财税法学界专家在接受媒体采访时表示,随着各单行税法立法接近尾声,有必要将统领整个税法体系的税法总则提上立法日程,使其成为我国税法现代化的标志性法律,推进国家制度和国家治理体系现代化。

In an interview with the media, some experts in the field of finance and taxation said that it is necessary to put on the legislative agenda the general principles of the tax law governing the whole tax law system, so as to make it a landmark law in China's tax law modernization and promote the modernization of the national system and the national governance system.

  从党的十八届三中全会决定明确提出“落实税收法定原则”以来,我国税收立法步入“快车道”,现有18个税种已有9个制定单行税法,其余多部税收法律草案也已进入立法程序。专家对媒体表示,从趋势来看,2020年基本能够完成中央提出的落实税收法定原则的改革任务。

Since the decision of the third plenary session of the 18th CPC Central Committee explicitly put forward the principle of \"implementing the taxation statutory principle \", China's tax legislation has entered into the\" fast track \". Experts told the media that in terms of trends,2020 would be the year when the central government's mandate to implement the statutory principles of taxation was basically completed.

  乡村振兴促进法也已纳入2020年立法规划。实施乡村振兴战略是党的十九大作出的重大决策部署,是决胜全面建成小康社会、全面建设社会主义现代化国家的重大历史任务,2018年7月,全国人大常委会牵头启动了乡村振兴促进法的立法相关程序。

The Rural Revitalization Promotion Act has also been incorporated into the 2020 legislative plan. The implementation of the strategy of rural revitalization is a major decision-making arrangement made by the 19th National Congress of the Party and a major historical task of decisive victory in building a well-off society in an all-round way and building a socialist modern country in an all-round way.

  工业化、城镇化过程中,乡村存在耕地流失、生态环境破坏等问题,全国人大农业与农村委员会主任委员陈锡文在2019年3月9日的记者会上曾表示,法律将对违法违规占用耕地、擅自破坏生态红线和永久性基本农田保护红线行为,对严重污染农村环境的产业,对有毒有害农业投入品的使用等进行约束。

During the process of industrialization and urbanization, there were such problems as the loss of cultivated land and the destruction of the ecological environment in the countryside.At a press conference on March 9,2019, Chen Xiwen, chairman of the Agriculture and Rural Committee of the National People's Congress, said that the law would restrict the illegal occupation of cultivated land, the unauthorized destruction of the ecological red line and the protection of the permanent basic farmland, and restrict the use of toxic and harmful agricultural inputs to industries that seriously pollute the rural environment.

  此外,还有很多与民生相关的立法工作将积极推进。2020年全国人大常委会将继续审议专利法(修改)、固体废物污染环境防治法(修改)、档案法(修改)、未成年人保护法(修改)、预防未成年人犯罪法(修改)、公职人员政务处分法、生物安全法等法律案。计划修改全国人民代表大会组织法、全国人民代表大会议事规则、选举法、国旗法、国徽法、著作权法、行政处罚法、行政复议法、治安管理处罚法、海上交通安全法、动物防疫法、安全生产法,审议刑法修正案(十一),制定监察官法、社会救助法、法律援助法等。

In addition, there are many legislative work related to people's livelihood will be actively promoted. In 2020, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress will continue to consider the Patent Law (Amendment), the Law on the Prevention and Control of Environmental Pollution by Solid Waste (Amendment), the Archives Law (Amendment), the Law on the Protection of Minors (Amendment), the Law on the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency (Amendment), the Administrative Division Law on Public Officials and the Biosafety Law. It is planned to amend the Organic Law of the National People's Congress, the Rules of Procedure of the National People's Congress, the Electoral Law, the National Flag Law, the National Emblem Law, the Copyright Law, the Administrative Punishment Law, the Administrative Reconsideration Law, the Public Security Administration Punishment Law, the Maritime Traffic Safety Law, the Animal Epidemic Prevention Law and the Safety in Production Law.


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